Basically, the Renaissance was a return to studying and building on the achievements of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. The Renaissance time period lasted from approximately to ; the word renaissance is derived from a French word meaning rebirth, expressing the rebirth of Greek and Roman artistic, philosophical and intellectual progress. The Renaissance was also marked by the development and spread of Humanism.
Yes, even before the start of what we refer to as the Early Middle Ages. It begins with Rome, or rather, the collapse of what was once the mighty Roman Empire—an empire which stretched out across three continents: Middle ages study guide, Africa, and Asia.
The Roman Empire had a lot of responsibility, and it saw huge changes during its time: The Romans believed these people, who called themselves names we might still consider strange-including the Celts, Franks, Saxons, Angles, Visigoths, and Jutes, to list a few-to be barbarians.
By the yearthe Roman Empire had collapsed, leaving only small bits and pieces of its culture throughout Europe, such as the many roads they had built. Instead of ruling large areas, the people of the Early Middle Ages had a more local form of government.
They had many kings for many lands instead of one emperor. Tying to self-rule or declare that you are in charge of a particular area was difficult, especially when the Church also had a lot of power. People handled all of this change by sticking together in their groups, trying to keep order—sometimes with violence—and arranging marriages, which meant a daughter and all of her property were given to her husband.
Monasteries, or places where people gave life-long vows to their religions, began to pop up across Europe and spread into the British Isles. There, nuns or monks could receive an education, though any learning would have been in Latin or Greek.
You may have heard of The Book of Kells, which was an illuminated manuscript of the Bible created during this period of time. It was filled not only with religious texts, but beautiful illustrations.
So, the Early Middle Ages, though different in its approach to education, was still a creative time and full of great minds. It was also a time of many leaders attempting to create their own empires, most of which fell, partially due to family conflicts and partially as a result of the invasions of the ninth and tenth centuries.
These invasions hit Europe from every direction. Three groups—The Vikings, the Muslims, and the Magyars—not only explored new lands, but caused quite a lot of havoc and destruction while doing so.
It took Europe time to start trading, learning, and building again after these invasions. During this period of recovery, several important ideas on how to keep things in control came up: Feudalism was a system of governing people based on loyalty.
This loyalty went upward, almost like a pyramid. The lower classes were loyal to the noble classes, the noble classes to the king, and the king was loyal to the teachings of Christianity. The noble classes, often called lords, owned pieces of land, which they received from the king in return for their service to him.
In the end, everything was owned by the king, but it was easier to have a chain of command. Knights entered the picture, and becoming a knight raised your status in society and provided you with proper training for battle. Boys started out as pages, became squires, and eventually gained knighthood.
What was known as the Chivalric Code was created in order to give knights a set of rules or guidelines to follow, including honoring women and attending church. Remember the chain of command in feudalism, which granted land mostly to nobles and after them, lesser nobles?
Any peasant who worked the land and was willing to give it to a noble in return for safety and a small portion of their own crops was encouraged to do so, and over time, these land-working peasants had fewer and fewer rights and more duties.
And so it was for some time, even into the High Middle Ages.European Middle Ages Study Guide. Chapters 5, 9, and 10 about Europe during and after the fall of rome. STUDY. PLAY. The Fall of Rome-Immediate cause: continuous barbaric invasion-Internal factors included political instability, decreasing farm production, inflation, excessive taxation, and the decline of the military, including the use of.
Music History The Middle Ages. The traditions of Western music can be traced back to the social and religious developments that took place in Europe during the Middle Ages, the years roughly spanning from about to A.D.
The Middle Ages A complete study guide using high-quality literature to teach children, ages 9 and up, the history of The Middle Ages. Includes relevant activities and internet resources. The LBC Guide to THE MIDDLE AGES 24 TERM 1: EARLY MIDDLE AGES • LESSON 3: NORSEMEN. Chapter 17 – The Early Middle Ages – Study Guide Describe the geography of each area in Europe below.
Area Geography Northern Europe Scandinavia Southern Europe Answer questions on page #1 2 in complete sentences below.
1a 1b 2a 2b 2c Chapter 17 Section 2 Europe after the Fall of Rome. Middle Ages: () Gregorian Chant: Attributed to Pope Gregory I, written for the singing of parts of the mass ordinary. Mass Ordinary: The parts of the mass which remain consistent, regardless of holidays, festivals, or other events. High Middle Ages Study Guide!
1. What city in France was the residence of the popes from ?! 2. What writing by John Wycliffe argued that the pope had no power over worldly.